Although galleys Exploration in europe fast and manoeuvrable, they were designed for use in the confined waters of the Mediterranean, and were unstable and inefficient in the open ocean.
Francis Xavier — Francis Xavier was a Spanish missionary, born in the castle of Xavier, a village near the city of Pamplona, from where he has his name.
The Arabs, most successful of all, dominated eastern sea routes from the 3rd to the 15th century. New Amsterdam in Manhattan became the capital of New Netherland in Willem Janszoon Early in Willem's life, andhe set out on two trips to the Dutch possessions in the East Indies.
Marco kept detailed notes of all he saw and, late in life when a captive of the Genoese, dictated to a fellow prisoner a book containing an account of his travels and adventures. Vasco da Gama — Vasco da Gama was the first to successfully sail directly from Europe to India in As the coasts became well known, the seasonal character of the monsoonal winds Exploration in europe skillfully used; the southwest monsoon was long known as Hippalus, named for a sailor who was credited with being the first to sail with it direct from the Gulf of Aden to the coast of the Indian peninsula.
Setting out on June 2,the voyage went between the Siberian coast and Vaygach Island. Columbus and the West Indies See also: He introduced Spanish trade with the Americas which allowed for an exchange of cultures, diseases and trade goods, known as The Grand Exchangewhose consequences, good and bad, are still being experienced today.
These new ships, known as caravelshad deep keels, which gave them stability, combined with lateen sailswhich allowed them to best exploit oceanic winds.
These explorations increased European knowledge of the wider world, particularly in relation to sub-Saharan Africa and the Americas.
Using coordinates via the sky, one rotation of the astrolabe's plate, called a tympanrepresented the passage of one day, allowing sailors to approximate the time, direction in which they were sailing, and the number of days passed.
Francisco Pizarro Pizarro was a Spanish explorer who militarily fought and conquered the Incan people and culture, claiming most of South America for Spain. This was an important step for Europe because it created a sea route from Europe that would allow trade with the Far East instead of using the Silk Road Caravan route.
He invested in sponsoring voyages down the coast of Mauritaniagathering a group of merchants, shipowners and stakeholders interested in new sea lanes. The Crusades were the first exposure of Europeans to Eastern products which were in high demand in Europe, primarily sugar.
His place and date of death is unknown. From there, overland routes led to the Mediterranean coasts. Though having strong political implications, their journeys left no detailed accounts. About ce, one Bjarni Herjulfssonon his way from Exploration in europe to Greenland, was blown off course far to the southwest; he saw an unknown shore and returned to tell his tale.
In May ofhe set off once again, returning to Bear Island. It did not mention Portugal, which could not claim newly discovered lands east of the line. Herodotus tells of five young adventurers of the tribe of the Nasamones living on the desert edge of Cyrenaica in North Africawho journeyed southwest for many months across the desert, reaching a great river flowing from west to east; this presumably was the Nigeralthough Herodotus thought it to be the Upper Nile.
He then crossed the eastern end of the Arafura Sea, without seeing the Torres Strait, into the Gulf of Carpentaria, and on February 26, made landfall at the Pennefather River on the western shore of Cape York in Queensland, near the modern town of Weipa.
Europeans had a constant deficit in silver and gold as coin only went one way: He gained immense gold and riches for Spain from the defeat of the Incan empire.
Ferdinand Magellan — Magellan was a Portuguese explorer sailing in a Spanish expedition, and was the first person to sail the Pacific Ocean and around South America. Technological advancements that were important to the Age of Exploration were the adoption of the magnetic compass and advances in ship design.
It is very likely that this last expedition reached as far as Madagascar. Columbus also explored the northeast coast of Cuba landed on 28 October and the northern coast of Hispaniolaby 5 December.
The exploration of the coastlines of the Indian Ocean and the China Sea Trade, across the land bridges and through the gulfs linking those parts of Asia, Africa, and Europe that lie between the Mediterranean and Arabian seas, was actively pursued from very early times.
Dutch Explorers In the late 16th century Dutch explorers began to head out all over the world.
When King Charles the Bald began defending West Frankia more energetically infortifying towns, abbeys, rivers and coastal areas, Viking forces began to concentrate more on England than Frankia. Barentsz reached Novaya Zemlya on July Abel Tasman In Tasman was sent as second in command of an exploring expedition in the north Pacific.
Exploration of the Atlantic coastlines Beyond the Pillars of Hercules the Strait of Gibraltarthe Carthaginians from the Phoenician city of Carthage in what is now Tunisiaholding both shores of the strait, early ventured out into the Atlantic.
To cope with oceanic voyages, European sailors adapted a ship known as the coglargely used in the Exploration in europe and North Seawhich they improved by adding sail designs used in the Islamic world.Age of Exporation The so-called Age of Exploration was a period from the early 15th century and continuing into the early 17th century, during which European ships were traveled around the world to search for new trading routes and partners to feed burgeoning capitalism in Europe.
The following timeline covers European exploration from to The 15th century witnessed the rounding of the feared Cape Bojador and Portuguese exploration of the west coast of Africa, while in the last decade of the century the Spanish sent expeditions to the New World, focusing on exploring the Caribbean Sea, and the Portuguese discovered the sea route to India.
In the eighth century A.D., Europe was growing richer, fueling the growth of trading centers such as Dorestad and Quentovic on the Continent and Hamwic (now Southampton), London, Ipswich and York.
European exploration, exploration of regions of Earth for scientific, commercial, religious, military, and other purposes by Europeans, beginning about the 4th century bce.
The motives that spur human beings to examine their environment are many. European exploration, exploration of regions of Earth for scientific, commercial, religious, military, and other purposes by Europeans, beginning about the 4th century bce.
The motives that spur human beings to examine their environment are many. The 18th century saw the first extensive exploration of the South Pacific and the discovery of Alaska, while the nineteenth was dominated by exploration of the polar regions (not to mention excursions into the heart of Africa).
By the 20th century, the poles themselves had been reached.Download